Saturday, April 11, 2020

Santi Quattro Coronati

where: Via dei Santi Quattro, 20
getting there: short walk from the Colosseum towards San Giovanni in Laterano
open: Monday to Saturday 10:00-11:45 & 16:00-17:45, closed Sunday

Santi Quattro Coronati is an ancient basilica dating to the 4th century, dedicated to four anonymous martyred saints.
The Medieval walls that surround the church and bell-tower that can be seen today, are from the rebuilding of the church in the 12th century after fire destroyed the original building in 1084 during the Norman sacking of Rome.
The fortress-like design protected a Cardinal's Palace and Benedictine Monastery.
In the 16th century Santi Quattro Coronati was assigned to the Augustinian Nuns and became a nunnery and an orphanage for young girls.

The interior of the basilica dates to the 12th century rebuilding. Around the walls are 14th century frescoes.
The large apse fresco in the main altar shows the Glory of Heaven and was painted in 1630 by Baroque artist, Giovanni da San Giovanni.
The second chapel on the left is the Cappella di San Sebastian. It holds the skull of the Saint and an altarpiece of Saints Irene and Lucina Tend the Wounds of San Sebastian by Baroque artist Giovanni Baglione.

Also on the left of the church is the entrance to the 13th century Cloisters. As the church is still a working nunnery it deserves respect and silence when visited, if the door is open it is permitted to enter.

Another interesting place to visit is the Cappella di San Silvestro, which may be open to visit via an entrance to the left of the courtyard next to the church entrance, at a cost of €1.
This chapel has vivid frescoes dating from the 13th century depicting scenes of Pope Sylvester I and Emperor Constantine.

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Helpful Hints

Getting Around

I found walking Rome was the best way to see everything.

The metro, trams and buses are also an easy and cheap option.

Buses and the metro can get crowded. Tickets must be bought before boarding and validated.

Beware of pickpockets.

Buses 40 (express) and 64 start at Termini and end near Saint Peter's, traveling past places of interest, returning the same way.

Some stops along the 64 route are:


Piazza Venezia

Via Nazionale

Corso Vittorio Emanuele II

Bus 75 takes you past the Colosseum to Trastevere

Bus 910 takes you to Villa Borghese

Ticket Options

€1.50 B.I.T (Biglietto Integrato a Tempo) is the standard ticket valid for one metro, unlimited tram or bus rides within 100 minutes.

€7.00 B.I.G ( Biglietto Integrato a Giornaliero) is a daily ticket valid for unlimited metro, tram, bus and train travel within Rome.

Purchasing Bus and Metro tickets.

Newsstands, train stations, metro stations, kiosks with the ATAC logo and tabacchi shops sell tickets for the metro, trams and buses.

Large fines apply to travelers not holding or validating their ticket. Tickets once validated start from the time they have been stamped.

These are a few of my favourite books about Rome

The Cardinal's Hat by Mary Hollingsworth
This book tells the story of one of the sons of Lucrezia Borgia who became a cardinal during the 16th century.

The Tigress of Forli by Elizabeth Lev
I love this book telling the story of Caterina Sforza who was fighting against the Borgia pope to retain the rights of her land and her freedom.

The Popes by John Julius Norwich
A detailed but easy and enjoyable book to read about the history of the papacy and the popes.

The Pope's Daughter by Caroline P Murphy
This book describes in beautiful detail, the life and times of Pope Julius II daughter, Felice della Rovere.

The Families Who Made Rome by Anthony Majanlahti
I love this Book! It explains the families who made Rome what it is as we see it today and also looks at their triumphs, scandals and failures.

Rome by Robert Hughes
This book explains Rome from its beginning and expands on the Renaissance and Baroque until present times.

The Lost Painting by Jonathan Harr
Another of my favourite reads about a lost Caravaggio painting and the search for its provenance.

other sites I trust for information on Rome are:
Rome Art Lover
Churches of Rome wiki