Tuesday, October 22, 2013

Federico & Taddeo Zuccari

Federico Zuccari
Mercury and Minerva
Villa Farnese at Caprarola

Federico Zuccari c. 1542 - 1609 Taddeo Zuccari 1529 - 1566
Taddeo and Federico Zuccari were born in Sant' Angelo Vado in The Marches and were taught to draw by their father. When Taddeo was 14 he left for Rome alone, where he studied other artists' works and was employed in various workshops.
Federico's documented career began in 1550 when he was invited to Rome to work with his brother who was already an established artist.
The brothers worked together on projects at the Vatican and when Federico was eighteen he was commissioned to paint the Transfiguration, the Marriage at Cana and other scenes from the Life of Christ in the Casino of Pius IV.
In around 1556 Taddeo painted scenes of the Passion for the Mattei Chapel in Santa Maria della Consolazione and worked on the frescoes of the Life of Saint Paul in the Frangipani Chapel in San Marcello al Corso, painted mostly in 1560 and completed by Federico.
Taddeo died in 1566 and is buried in the Pantheon.
Federico worked not only in Rome but also in Venice and Florence where he was admitted into the Accademia del Designo.
In 1570 he travelled to Orvieto and painted Christ Healing the Blind Man and Christ Raising the Son of the Widow of Nain for the Orvieto Cathedral.
In 1574 he travelled to the Netherlands, Spain and England painting a portrait of Mary, Queen of Scots and a drawing of Elizabeth I, when he returned to Florence later that year he completed the fresco of the Last Judgement in the cathedral left unfinished by Vasari.
In 1581, on his returned to Rome to continue work on the Pauline Chapel, he was temporarily expelled by his patron, Pope Gregory XIII after offending his critics in court with a satirical painting in the Porta Virtutis.
He returned to Rome only after his friends and other patrons secured a pardon from the Pope and then resumed his work on the Pauline Chapel.
Federico died in 1609 not long after becoming a Cavaliere.
His house in Rome, Palazzo Zuccaro, which he designed with a doorway in the form of a grotesque face and matching windows either side was used as a headquarters for the Accademia di San Luca founded in 1583 and is now Biblioteca Hertziana.

Federico Zuccari Art in Rome
Sala Regia
in Casino Pius IV:
The Marriage at Cana
Scenes from the Life of Christ
in Pauline Chapel:
fresco of the Baptism of Cornelius
Arms of Gregory III
The Pentecost
The Mission of the Apostles
Il Gesù
The vault and altarpiece Cappella degli Angeli
Santa Sabina
frescoes of scenes from the Life of St Hyacinth
Frescoes vault in the Chapel of S. Giacinto
Trinità dei Monti
San Marcello
San Lorenzo in Damaso
Altarpiece of the Coronation of the Virgin with Saints Lawrence, Paul, Peter and Damasus
Santa Caterina dei Funari
Conversion of the Empress Faustina
The Disputation of Saint Catherine
Christ Driving the Money-changers from the Temple
Ecco Homo
Santa Lucia del Gonfalone
decorative cycle of the scenes of the Passion (with Jacopo Bertoia and Raffaellino da Reggio and others)
Santa Maria dell'Orto
Orvieto Cathedral
Christ Healing the Blind Man
Christ Raising the Son of the Widow of Nain
Villa d'Este Tivoli (for Cardinal Ippolito II d'Este)
ceiling decoration of the Sala della Fama and Sala della Gloria
Villa Farnese Caprarola

Taddeo Zuccari Art in Rome
Galleria Pallavicini-Rospigliosi
Galleria Borghese
Dead Christ supported by Angels
Santa Maria dell'Orto
Santa Maria della Consolazione
Mattei Chapel Scenes of the Passion
San Marcello
Frangipani Chapel frescoes of the Life of St Paul and The Conversion of Saul
Trinità dei Monti
Pucci Chapel:
Death of the Virgin (begun by Perino del Vaga)
Santa Sabina
Christ in Glory apse
Sala Regia over-door decoration

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Getting Around

I found walking around Rome was the best way to see everything but the metro, trams and buses are an easy and cheap option also.

Most buses and metros do get crowded and tickets must be bought before boarding and validated when you first get on but it is a great way to get around and see Rome if you are short on time or suffer from sore feet.

Buses #40 and #64 starts at Termini and ends near St. Peter's traveling past other places of interest, returning the same way.

Bus #75 takes you past the Colosseum

Bus #910 takes you to Villa Borghese

#64 & #40 Express Bus


Piazza Venezia

Corso Vittorio Emanuele II

Campo de'Fiori

St. Peter's

The Electric buses that are around Rome can travel into the older parts of the city and wind around the narrow streets. Bus #116 travels though the streets of Centro Storico.

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Large fines apply to travelers not holding ticket. Tickets once they are validated, start from the time they have been stamped.

These are a few of my favourite books about Rome

The Cardinal's Hat by Mary Hollingsworth
This book tells the story of one of the sons of Lucrezia Borgia who became a cardinal during the 16th century.

The Tigress of Forli by Elizabeth Lev
I love this book telling the story of Caterina Sforza who was fighting against the Borgia pope to retain the rights of her land and her freedom.

The Popes by John Julius Norwich
A detailed but easy and enjoyable book to read about the history of the papacy and the popes.

The Pope's Daughter by Caroline P Murphy
This book describes in beautiful detail, the life and times of Pope Julius II daughter, Felice della Rovere.

The Families Who Made Rome by Anthony Majanlahti
I love this Book! It explains the families who made Rome what it is as we see it today and also looks at their triumphs, scandals and failures.

Rome by Robert Hughes
This book explains Rome from its beginning and expands on the Renaissance and Baroque until present times.

The Lost Painting by Jonathan Harr
Another of my favourite reads about a lost Caravaggio painting and the search for its provenance.