Sunday, March 16, 2014

San Giovanni in Laterano


where: Piazza San Giovanni in Laterano, 4
getting there: metro linea/A San Giovanni or bus 85 from Piazza Venezia
open: church: daily 7:00-18:30, cliosters: 9:00-18:00, Museum of the Basilica: 10:00-17:30
information: audioguides are available for a small donation and guide books can be bought in the sacristy bookshop.

The Papal Archbasilica of San Giovanni in Laterano was commissioned in the 4th century by Constantine the Great. It was one of the first churches to be built in Rome and is the oldest of all four of the papal basilicas.
In the 5th century it was sacked by the Vandals and then, in 896, an earthquake almost totally destroyed it.
When it was rebuilt, it was to the same dimensions as the original church, several fires over the centuries have also seen the rebuilding of the church.
When the papacy returned from exile in Avignon to Rome in 1377 repairs began on the church, changes to the inside and facade followed in the centuries after.
The interior of the church is immense with patterned marble floors, giant statues of the evangelists and saints, stucco work, and frescoes.
The church also has fragments of a fresco attributed to Giotto and Mosaics from the 12th and 13th century.
Many artists from the 16th and 17th centuries contributed to the basilica's decorations.
Some of the frescoes on the left and right of the transept – telling the story of Constantine and Saint John – are by Cesare Nebbia, Giovanni Guerra, Paris Nogari, Cristoforo Roncalli, Agostino Ciampelli, and Francesco Trevisani.
Above the right transept altar is the Ascension fresco by Giuseppe Cesari, another of his works, the altarpiece painting of the Apostle Saint John in Old Age with his Disciples, can be found in the Massimo Chapel.

Artists in San Giovanni in Laterano
Giuseppe Cesari Cavaliere d'Arpino
Cesare Nebbia
Paris Nogari
Agostino Ciampelli
Giovanni Guerra
Luigi Garzi
Cherubino Alberti

Ascension
Giuseppe Cesari

Saint Batholomew







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I found walking around Rome was the best way to see everything but the metro, trams and buses are an easy and cheap option also.

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Buses #40 and #64 starts at Termini and ends near St. Peter's traveling past other places of interest, returning the same way.

Bus #75 takes you past the Colosseum

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#64 & #40 Express Bus

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These are a few of my favourite books about Rome

The Cardinal's Hat by Mary Hollingsworth
This book tells the story of one of the sons of Lucrezia Borgia who became a cardinal during the 16th century.

The Tigress of Forli by Elizabeth Lev
I love this book telling the story of Caterina Sforza who was fighting against the Borgia pope to retain the rights of her land and her freedom.

The Popes by John Julius Norwich
A detailed but easy and enjoyable book to read about the history of the papacy and the popes.

The Pope's Daughter by Caroline P Murphy
This book describes in beautiful detail, the life and times of Pope Julius II daughter, Felice della Rovere.

The Families Who Made Rome by Anthony Majanlahti
I love this Book! It explains the families who made Rome what it is as we see it today and also looks at their triumphs, scandals and failures.

Rome by Robert Hughes
This book explains Rome from its beginning and expands on the Renaissance and Baroque until present times.

The Lost Painting by Jonathan Harr
Another of my favourite reads about a lost Caravaggio painting and the search for its provenance.