Tuesday, July 13, 2010

Orazio & Artemisia Gentileschi

Orazio Gentileschi
San Silvestro in Capite

Orazio Gentileschi 1563 - 1639
Orazio Lomi was born in Pisa to a family of artists. In 1576 he moved to Rome, changing his surname to Gentileschi after his uncle in whose studio he trained.
In around 1600 he became a follower of the younger Caravaggio who moved him away from the Mannerist style and records indicate that in 1603 he, Caravaggio and two others were sued by Giovanni Baglione after circulating unflattering poems about the artist.
Orazio Gentileschi, commissioned by Cardinal Scipione Borghese, collaborated with Agostino Tassi around this time adding figures to the landscapes in Palazzo Rospigliosi, working with him again in 1611 but falling out over a money matter, then in 1612 he was back in court this time filing a complaint against Tassi for the rape of his daughter Artemisia.
Between 1613 and 1618 he worked in Ancona and Fabriano, leaving for Genoa in 1621.
In 1624 he traveled to France where he worked in the court of Marie de Medici for two years.
 In 1626 he was invited by Charles the first of England to become court painter where he was much respected.
He died in London in 1639 leaving behind only eighty known canvases and frescoes of his work.

Orazio Gentileschi Art in Rome
Santa Maria Maggiore
San Nicola in Carcere
Santa Maria della Pace
San Giovanni in Laterano
transept collaborative painting of the Apostles
Galleria Spada
Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Antica
Madonna
St Francis and the Angel
San Silvestro in Capite
the Stigmata of St Francis
San Giovanni dei Fiorentini
Santa Maria della Pace
Palazzo Rospigliosi


Artemisia Gentileschi 1593-1653
Artemisia was one of the first women artists to achieve recognition by painting historical and religious scenarios instead of the portraiture that women painters where expected to do, and like her father, she was also influenced by Caravaggio's work.
She was born in Rome and she first received her early artistic training from her father Orazio.
When she was in her teens artist Agostino Tassi tutored her, then a scandal broke with Artemisia's father accusing Tassi of theft and the rape of Artemisia. During the trial she was tortured and her fingers broken to make sure she was being truthful. Tassi was found guilty and exiled for his crimes.
She later married artist Pierantonio Stiattesi and moved with him to Florence where she became a member and the first woman to be invited to join the Accademia di Art del Disegno.
After many years and the death of her husband, she returned with her daughter to work in Rome, later moving to Naples where she died in 1653.

Artemisia Gentileschi Art in Rome
Pinacotea Vaticana
Judith and her Manservant (attributed)
Galleria Barberini
Girl with Roses
Allegory of Painting (attributed)
Galleria Spada
Madonna and Child
Woman playing Lute



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Getting Around

I found walking around Rome was the best way to see everything but the metro, trams and buses are an easy and cheap option also.

Most buses and metros do get crowded and tickets must be bought before boarding and validated when you first get on but it is a great way to get around and see Rome if you are short on time or suffer from sore feet.

Buses #40 and #64 starts at Termini and ends near St. Peter's traveling past other places of interest, returning the same way.

Bus #75 takes you past the Colosseum

Bus #910 takes you to Villa Borghese


#64 & #40 Express Bus

Pantheon

Piazza Venezia

Corso Vittorio Emanuele II

Campo de'Fiori

St. Peter's


The Electric buses that are around Rome can travel into the older parts of the city and wind around the narrow streets. Bus #116 travels though the streets of Centro Storico.


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B.I.T (Biglietto Integrato a Tempo) is the standard ticket valid for one metro,tram or bus ride for a 100 minute period.


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Purchasing Bus and Metro tickets.

Newsstands, train stations, metro stations, kiosks with the ATAC logo and tabacchi shops sell tickets for trams and buses.

Large fines apply to travelers not holding ticket. Tickets once they are validated, start from the time they have been stamped.






These are a few of my favourite books about Rome

The Cardinal's Hat by Mary Hollingsworth
This book tells the story of one of the sons of Lucrezia Borgia who became a cardinal during the 16th century.

The Tigress of Forli by Elizabeth Lev
I love this book telling the story of Caterina Sforza who was fighting against the Borgia pope to retain the rights of her land and her freedom.

The Popes by John Julius Norwich
A detailed but easy and enjoyable book to read about the history of the papacy and the popes.

The Pope's Daughter by Caroline P Murphy
This book describes in beautiful detail, the life and times of Pope Julius II daughter, Felice della Rovere.

The Families Who Made Rome by Anthony Majanlahti
I love this Book! It explains the families who made Rome what it is as we see it today and also looks at their triumphs, scandals and failures.

Rome by Robert Hughes
This book explains Rome from its beginning and expands on the Renaissance and Baroque until present times.

The Lost Painting by Jonathan Harr
Another of my favourite reads about a lost Caravaggio painting and the search for its provenance.